BEGINNING OF THE END OF BRITISH RULE WITH JALLIANWALA BAGH MASSACRE, LEARN 10 THINGS
Today is the 100th anniversary of Jallianwala Bagh. The country is remembering martyrs on the 100th anniversary of Jallianwala Bagh. Thousands of people were killed in this massacre in Amritsar in 1919, but only 379 murders were reported in British government figures. Jalianwala Bagh massacre is the dark chapter of British India’s history. 99 years ago on April 13, 1919, British Officer General Dyer had indiscriminately fired gunshots on the unarmed crowd in Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar. More than 1,000 people were killed in this massacre, while more than 1,500 were injured. On the day the cruel incident took place, that day was bayakhi. After the massacre, the end of British rule began. After this, the country got a revolutionary like Udham Singh and in the hearts of Bhagat Singh, there was a wave of patriotism among many youth.
- On April 13, 1919, a meeting was held to protest against the Act of the Rulelet at Jallianwala Bagh, located 1.5 km away from the Golden Temple of the famous Golden Temple of Amritsar.That day was also crumbling. In Jallianwala Bagh, there was also a fair on Baisakhi day for many years, where hundreds of people had reached that day to join.
- Then the then British Army General Reginald Dyer reached there with 90 soldiers. The soldiers surrounded the garden without warning, started firing on unarmed people. The people present there also tried to get out, but the path was very narrow, and Dyer’s army stood up to stop him.For this reason no one got out and Hindustani failed to save life.
- On the order of General Dyer, the British Army threw gunfire for almost 10 minutes. There were about 1,650 round firing in this incident. It is said that when the bullets ended with the soldiers, they stopped at the hands only.
- Many people jumped into the well built wells in the garden to save lives, which is now called ‘Shaheedi Kuan’. It is still present in the Jallianwala Bagh and reminds of the innocents who had become victims of bad mood of the British.
- According to the British government, about 379 people were killed and 1,200 people were injured in this firing, but according to the Indian National Congress, more than 1,000 people were martyred that day, out of which 120 were found in wells and 1,500 More people were injured
- General Dyer was a great supporter of the Rowlett Act, and he was not opposed to it. His intention was that after this massacre, the Indians would be scared, but in contrast to this, the whole country was stirred against the British government.
- The massacre was criticized all over the world. After all, under pressure, Secretary of State Edwin Montagu, for India, made Hunter Commission for its investigation in late 1919. After the commission’s report arrived, Dyer was demoted and made a colonel, and was sent back to the UK.
- House of Commons passed a condemnation motion against Dyer, but House of Lords praised the massacre and passed the commendation motion. Later, under pressure British prosecutor passed the condemnation motion. Dyer had to resign in 1920.
- Udham Singh went to London on March 13, 1940 to take revenge for the Jallianwala Bagh massacre There, he shot Dyer in Caxton Hall and shot him dead. Udham Singh was hanged on July 31, 1940. Udham Singh Nagar of Uttarakhand has been named after him.
- Jalianwala Bagh massacre impressed Bhagat Singh in the inner It is said that when Bhagat Singh got information of this massacre, he had reached Jallianwala Bagh a 19-kilometer walk from his school.